Thursday, 1 August 2013

Essential Information On Cardiac Care

By Maryanne Goff

A healthy body enables us to carry out our day to day activities effectively without experiencing any form of discomfort. There are a number of steps that individuals can take to ensure they bodies are in general good health. A majority of people lead sedentary lifestyles that hinder their ability to experience the fullness of life by making them more susceptible to illnesses. Today, many people have become aware of the contribution of proper cardiac care on their general wellbeing.

Most of the heart complications are chronic if not detected early enough. To ensure the heart is in a healthy state individuals are urged to visit medical centers regularly to facilitate the detection of any potential problem. Prevention is the best solution to this problem. The risk factors for heart ailments are age, gender and family history. This condition can be prevented by making lifestyle changes to eliminate unhealthy practices.

There are a number of habits that are highly discouraged since they have been established to interfere with the normal functioning of the heart and other body organs. Tobacco smoking is harmful since tobacco has been proven to damage blood vessels. Moreover, it causes arteries to become narrow.

A condition in which the blood vessels become narrow is referred to as atherosclerosis and is a major cause of cardiac arrest. Some of these problems can be prevented by engaging in regular physical activities such as exercises or performing domestic chores on a regular basis. This helps to improve the immune system and the functioning of body organs. Cholesterol has been established to block arteries and cause heart failure. Individuals are therefore urged to reduce the intake of fatty foods that are rich in cholesterol. Fruits, whole grains and vegetables are highly recommended.

Excess body weight has been established to interfere with the normal operation of the heart. For this reason, individuals with excess weight are encouraged to shed the extra weight. This can be done in a number of ways and a lot of commitment and personal discipline are required to achieve effective results. The nature of the weight loss program selected determines the results obtained.

There are a number of tests which are performed to diagnose heart diseases. The choice of the tests to be performed depends on a number of factors. These include the risk factors of a patient, family history of heart complications, current symptoms and how the doctor interprets these symptoms. Simple tests are administered first followed by more complex ones depending on the nature of the condition. These include stress test, ultrasound, nuclear cardiology, CT scan and the heart rhythm.

Some of the aspects that are used to detect heart complications include blood pressure, pulse, body weight and oxygen levels in the blood. These factors are usually measured and analyzed. They are then compared with established parameters to determine if treatment is necessary. In case of a deviation, appropriate treatment is administered. Most treatments focus on behavioral change techniques aimed at controlling the disease.

Most of the patients seeking cardiac care are usually treated on outpatient basis. To reduce the mortality rate of heart-related conditions health care centers provide emergency intervention for sudden events. These include heart attack, severe arrhythmia and congestive heart failure which require specialized and immediate care. Interventional cardiology procedures are widely used since patients do not experience any pain and take a short period of time to recover.

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