Friday, 21 June 2013

Some Important Facts About Cataract Surgery Los Angeles Residents Need To Know

By Mara Boone

It is not a contested fact that the human eye is one of the most important body parts. In fact having a good vision is almost the desire of everyone. However, there are times when due to old age, injuries or even an infection our eyes may become blurry. Such cloudy appearances on the eye lens are commonly known as cataracts. This through a cataract surgery Los Angeles residents do not have to worry any more as it helps.

Cataract is some cloudy part of the eye lens that is caused by an imbalanced amount of protein build up in the area. Most eye problems can be corrected through corneal surgeries or even simple use of lens glasses, cataract cannot. However, the process of treating this defect is not as complicated as many may think. A surgery (involving the implantation of an intraocular lens to replace the affected one) is all you need.

There are several types of surgeries aimed at correcting this eye defect. First, there is the Intracapsular Cataract Extraction (ICCE), which involves the removal of lens and capsule together but with some of the highest complication rates. Secondly, there is the Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE), which entails the removal of the natural lens while leaving the elastic capsule to permit the placement of an artificial lens.

There is also the Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS), which is reputed for taking the shortest time and being comparatively cheaper. However, of the popular modern methods, Phacoemulsification (Phaco) is the widely used. This process uses ultrasonic handpiece to emulsify the lens and help in its aspiration. The aspirated fluid in this case is replaced with salt solution to balance the front part of the eye as well as cool the machine.

The surgery process is not a very complicated operation since it is considered a minor surgery. Briefly put, the process involves the use of anesthesia to handle any pain one may experience during the incision. Once the lid speculum has ensured your eyelids are open, a small cut is made on the sclera or cornea to allow the emulsification of the cloud lens.

To stabilize the anterior part of eye and maintain the pressure around it, a viscoelastic injection is made. This is followed by the emulsification of the cataract through the ultrasonic hand-piece after which an intraocular lens is implanted. Depending on the reason for the operation, the doctor may use a monofocal lens (good for distant vision), multifocal (best for near and distant vision) and the accommodating lens (closer to natural lens and permits both near and distant vision).

The final steps during the operation include the removal of the viscoelastic fluid and finally sealing the wound. During the last procedure, an eye shield is place to cushion the patient against scratches and other unintended injuries to the eyes while a sleep. You are however expected to use a sunglass during the day.

The advantage of this procedure is its success rate. You therefore do not expect major complications, though mild conditions like eye irritations and mild tearing may be felt. You should therefore avoid bright light and stick to your medication. When in need of a cataract surgery Los Angeles residents can consult the medical professionals in the area.

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