Thursday, 13 June 2013

Essential Information About Cardiology Princeton NJ Residents Need To Know

By Grace Daniels

Cardiology is a field in medicine concerned with the disorders involving the heart. It is concentrates on the diagnosis and treatment of various disorders such as heart failure, congenital heart complications, valvular heart disease, coronary heart disease and electrophysiology. The specialists in this field of medicine are referred to as cardiologists. The most effective cardiology Princeton NJ hospital departments are fully equipped with modern equipment to address any unique situations.

It mainly focuses on the heart which has numerous anatomical features. These include ventricles, heart valves and atria together with various physiological features such as heart sounds, systole and after load. The primary function of the heart is to pump blood all over the body. This field of medicine is mainly concerned with the disorders and restoration of the heart. The various parts of this vital organ are susceptible to dysfunction and failure.

The various disorders usually lead to cardiovascular and heart disease. Cardiovascular disease is among the leading causes of death in the world today. This branch of internal medicine focuses on normal functionality and deviation from the operations of a healthy heart. These disorders may either be outside the heart or may involve it. They have devastating effects since they may hinder coronary circulation.

There are cases that are beyond the scope of the general doctor particularly those affecting the heart. Symptoms such as dizzy spells, shortness of breath and chest pains require special testing. Special cases such as ECG changes and heart murmurs require the attention of a cardiologist. Cardiologists assist the victims of heart complications regain their normal life. They offer counseling to patients about the various risks and prevention measures.

In the treatment process, there are various tests that are performed. Examples of these include ambulatory ECG, cardiac catheterization and echocardiogram. To establish the causes of the various conditions the medical history off each patient has to be reviewed which is complemented with certain physical examinations. The blood vessels, heart, weight, lungs, blood pressure and other parameters are also analyzed. More complex situations may require specialized care.

This field is broadly categorized into three branches namely invasive, interventional and non-invasive. Interventional cardiology mainly involves the treatment techniques that employ the catheter. The procedures are performed to open clogged organs such as kidney, leg, kidney, heart or brain without involving surgical procedures. This technique is painless and the patients recover within a short period of time.

Invasive procedures on the other hand mainly involve the insertion of diagnostic and therapeutic equipment in the body to make a diagnosis for treatment. Some of the equipment used includes balloons, stents and catheters. The common procedures include insertion of the pacemaker, cardiac catheterization, angiography and many others. It is important to ensure the cardiologist selected is highly qualified.

Non-invasive methods focus on imaging techniques such as radiology. It is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral and cardiac vascular disease. The tests are external and no instruments are inserted into the body in the evaluation of these disorders. The non-invasive tests in cardiology Princeton NJ hospitals perform include exercise tolerance testing, ECGs, tilt table testing, echocardiography and Holter monitoring. Patients with a history of a heart problem, unexplained chest pain and suspected valve disease are usually referred for non-invasive evaluation by their physicians.

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